Rights for Women/Children
Despite numerous government and non-government organizations working globally and in India for protection of children’s rights and welfare, there are millions of children who have no choice but to live their lives under an open sky. The challenges associated with children’s rights are countless. In present times, at least 40 million children in India alone are in dire need to be looked after for sustenance and a decent future. According to United Nation’s Children’s Rights Convention, it becomes the responsibility and accountability of all nations and their governments to protect the rights of each and every child and rescue them from their dismal situation. Ardent experts working in the country in this field need to have a thorough understanding of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children) Act, 2000.
There are many strict laws aiming to safeguard children’s rights in our country. Yet the darkness looms over their existence. Millions of children are doomed to live a life dotted by impoverishment and illiteracy. Rampant poverty has forced the children to work as labourers. Girls are the most vulnerable to the crimes against children. The situation of children is deplorable in both, urban and rural areas. In rural Rajasthan, children are age old victims of malpractices, superstitious customs and abuse. The Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 or Sharda Act is in officially applicable in Rajasthan, still there has hardly been any reduction in instances of child marriages in the state. Rajasthan holds the record of highest number of child marriages in the country. Around 40% of girls in Rajasthan are married off before attaining adulthood. As revealed by National Family Survey-3 of year 2005, 57.1% of girls in Rajasthan got married in a tender age of 18 years. Records of rural areas in the state show this percentage to be 65.7. According to the Census of year 2001, approximately three million girls become mothers of their first child by the age of 15. A UNICEF report suggests that 1 million Indian women die every year during pregnancy or while delivering a child. The evil custom of child marriage not only plays havoc with the lives of young girls, it also obscures their chances to be optimally educated although education has become a right ensured to every citizen. Illiteracy, in fact, is a major factor that has kept the evil of child marriage alive.
The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up on March 5, 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament (December 2005). The Commission was established to ensure children rights like equality, free and compulsory education to every child in age group of 6 to 14 years, prevention of child labour, etc. Are the rights of children being practiced, protected or promoted in our country? Is each and every child getting proper education? Are children with impoverished background being protected from the abuse of child labour? These questions still exist with their ugly heads. Laado endeavours to find answers to these questions and explore the roots of evils against the children.